# Configuration

# Nushell Configuration with config.toml

Nushell uses a configuration system that loads a toml file at launch time. That configuration file is called the Nushell config.toml file. It contains the configuration points that nushell will use as default settings. Each setting follows a key value pattern. A value can be a number, a string, or an array. Below is a description of each setting.

An example of the nushell config.toml can be found in our repo here (opens new window).

# Root level configuration settings.

These are at the root level, not because they're more important, but because they are not in a toml section.

Name Purpose Value Type Options
complete_from_path Whether or not to complete names of binaries on PATH boolean true or false
ctrlc_exit Enables/Disables nushell to exit when the key combination of Ctrl+C is hit multiple times. boolean true or false
disable_table_indexes Enables/Disables the index (#) column on tables. boolean true or false
filesize_format Set the file size units format returned from the ls command. string b, kb, kib, mb, mib, gb, big, etc
nonzero_exit_errors Enables/Disables the reporting of non-zeros exit errors. boolean true or false
pivot_mode Tells nushell how to pivot single row tables. string auto, always, never
plugin_dirs Tells nushell to look in these folders for optional nushell plugins. array quoted string of folders delimited by commas between brackets [ ]
prompt Instructs nushell to run this command pipeline for every prompt. string quote command pipeline or custom command.
rm_always_trash Enables/Disables nushell to always delete files to the recycle bin/trash can. boolean true or false
skip_welcome_message Enables/Disables the nushell welcome message. boolean true or false
startup Load and run command at startup. These commands can take the form of aliases, custom commands, or external commands. array quoted string of commands delimited by commas between brackets [ ]
table_mode Defines which "theme" that table drawing should use in nushell. string basic, compact, compact_double, light, thin, with_love, rounded, reinforced, heavy, none, other
completion_match_method Sets case-sensitivity of autocompletion string case-insensitive, case-sensitive

# Color Config section

The [color_config] section of the config.toml file enables you to change the color and formatting of datatypes in nushell. This is most apparent in tables like the output of the ls command.

For each of the options in the color_config section, you are able to set the color alone or with one of the following attributes.

color abbreviation
green g
red r
blue u
black b
yellow y
purple p
cyan c
white w
attribute abbreviation
bold b
underline u
italic i
dimmed d
reverse r

# Abbreviated Examples:

  • gb means green bold
  • ru means red underline
  • ud means blue dimmed

# Verbose Examples:

  • green_bold
  • red_underline
  • blue_dimmed
Name Purpose Value Type Options
[color_config] This is the section name string Outlined above
header_align Apply an alignment to the header string Outlined above
header_bold Enable/Disable bold for the header string Outlined above
header_color Apply a color to the header string Outlined above
index_color Apply a style of the Index (#) string Outlined above
leading_trailing_space_bg Apply a style to leading and trailing space string Outlined above
primitive_binary Apply a style to Primitive::Binary string Outlined above
primitive_boolean Apply a style to Primitive::Boolean string Outlined above
primitive_columnpath Apply a style to Primitive::ColumnPath string Outlined above
primitive_date Apply a style to Primitive::Date string Outlined above
primitive_decimal Apply a style to Primitive::Decimal string Outlined above
primitive_duration Apply a style to Primitive::Duration string Outlined above
primitive_filesize Apply a style to Primitive::Filesize string Outlined above
primitive_int Apply a style to Primitive::Int string Outlined above
primitive_line Apply a style to Primitive::Line string Outlined above
primitive_path Apply a style to Primitive::Path string Outlined above
primitive_pattern Apply a style to Primitive::Pattern string Outlined above
primitive_range Apply a style to Primitive::Range string Outlined above
primitive_string Apply a style to Primitive::String string Outlined above
separator_color Apply a style to the table lines string Outlined above

# Line Editor section

The [line_editor] section of the config.toml controls how our line editor, rustyline behaves. These configuration settings are specific to the rustyline crate we use.

Name Purpose Value Type Options
[line_editor] This is the section name
auto_add_history Enable/Disable automatically add each non-blank line to history boolean true or false
bell_style The bell style for the line editor string audible, none, visible
color_mode The color mode for the line editor string enabled, forced, disabled
completion_prompt_limit When listing completion alternatives, only display one screen of possibilities at a time number
completion_type Method used to iterate history items string circular, list, fuzzy - note fuzzy is not currently supported by nushell
edit_mode The mode for the line editor string vi or emacs
history_duplicates Rule to apply regarding the adding of duplicates to the history string alwaysadd, ignoreconsecutive
history_ignore_space Enable/Disable the history to ignore space boolean true or false
keyseq_timeout_ms Duration rustyline will wait for a character when reading an ambiguous key sequence string duration in milliseconds
max_history_size The maximum history size number
tab_stop The number of characters for indented/outdented commands number

# Textview section

The [textview] section of the config.toml file is a section with settings for our textviewer which is currently bat (opens new window). So, all these settings apply to the bat configuration built into nushell. It won't use settings you may currently have on your system if you use bat.

Name Purpose Value Type Options
[textview] This is the section name
colored_output Enable/Disable whether or not the output should be colorized boolean true or false
grid Enable/Disable a grid boolean true or false
header Enable/Disable a header boolean true or false
line_numbers Enable/Disable line numbers boolean true or false
pager Set the pager to use string less, more, etc
paging_mode Set the paging mode string always, quitifonescreen, never
snip Enable/Disable snip boolean true or false
tab_width The width of tab characters. Currently, a value of 0 will cause tabs to be passed through without expanding them. number
term_width The character width of the terminal string
theme Set the bat color theme to use string
true_color Enable/Disable whether the output terminal supports true color boolean true or false
use_italics Enable/Disable italic type boolean true or false
vcs_modification_markers Enable/Disable version control system modification markers boolean true or false
wrapping_mode Set if and how text should be wrapped string character, nowrapping

# Path section

The [path] section in the config.toml is used to store folders that are generally where executable programs are located. The path section is an array type field so it requires quoted string directory paths delmited by commas.

You can use this command to initially populate the [path] section of your config.toml file.

config set path $nu.path

To view the [path] section of your config.toml you can type the following.

echo $nu.path

# Environment variables section

The [env] section of the config.toml is used to store permanent environment variables that nushell can use.

You can use this command to initially populate the [env] section of your config.toml file.

config set env $nu.env

To view the [env] section of your config.toml you can type the following command.

echo $nu.env

# Example config.toml below closely matches the file found in our repo here (opens new window).

filesize_format = "B" # can be b, kb, kib, mb, mib, gb, gib, etc
skip_welcome_message = true
disable_table_indexes = false
nonzero_exit_errors = true
startup = [
    "alias la = ls --long",
    "def nudown [] {fetch https://api.github.com/repos/nushell/nushell/releases | get assets | select name download_count}",
    "def nuver [] {version | pivot key value}",
    ]
table_mode = "other" # basic, compact, compact_double, light, thin, with_love, rounded, reinforced, heavy, none, other
plugin_dirs = ["D:\\Src\\GitHub\\nu-plugin-lib\\samples\\Nu.Plugin.Len\\bin\\Debug\\netcoreapp3.1"]
pivot_mode = "auto" # auto, always, never
ctrlc_exit = false
complete_from_path = true
rm_always_trash = true
prompt = "echo $(ansi gb) $(pwd) $(ansi reset) \"(\" $(ansi cb) $(do -i { git rev-parse --abbrev-ref HEAD | str trim }) $(ansi reset) \")\" $(char newline) $(ansi yb) $(date --format \"%m/%d/%Y %I:%M:%S%.3f %p\" --raw) $(ansi reset) \"> \" | str collect"

[color_config]
primitive_int = "green"
primitive_decimal = "red"
primitive_filesize = "ur"
primitive_string = "pb"
primitive_line = "yellow"
primitive_columnpath = "cyan"
primitive_pattern = "white"
primitive_boolean = "green"
primitive_date = "ru"
primitive_duration = "blue"
primitive_range = "purple"
primitive_path = "yellow"
primitive_binary = "cyan"
separator_color = "purple"
header_align = "l" # left|l, right|r, center|c
header_color = "c" # green|g, red|r, blue|u, black|b, yellow|y, purple|p, cyan|c, white|w
header_bold = true
index_color = "rd"
leading_trailing_space_bg = "white"

[line_editor]
max_history_size = 100000
history_duplicates = "ignoreconsecutive" # alwaysadd,ignoreconsecutive
history_ignore_space = false
completion_type = "circular" # circular, list, fuzzy
completion_prompt_limit = 100
keyseq_timeout_ms = 500 # ms
edit_mode = "emacs" # vi, emacs
auto_add_history = true
bell_style = "audible" # audible, none, visible
color_mode = "enabled" # enabled, forced, disabled
tab_stop = 4

[textview]
term_width = "default" # "default" or a number
tab_width = 4
colored_output = true
true_color = true
header = true
line_numbers = true
grid = false
vcs_modification_markers = true
snip = true
wrapping_mode = "NoWrapping" # Character, NoWrapping
use_italics = true
paging_mode = "QuitIfOneScreen" # Always, QuitIfOneScreen, Never
pager = "less"
theme = "TwoDark"

# These are from a Windows system, Mac and Linux will look slightly different
path = [
    "C:\\WINDOWS\\system32",
    "C:\\WINDOWS",
    "C:\\WINDOWS\\System32\\OpenSSH\\",
]

# Some environment variables removed to protect the innocent
# These are from a Windows environemnt, Mac and Linux will look slightly different
[env]
ALLUSERSPROFILE = "C:\\ProgramData"
CommonProgramFiles = "C:\\Program Files\\Common Files"
"CommonProgramFiles(x86)" = "C:\\Program Files (x86)\\Common Files"
CommonProgramW6432 = "C:\\Program Files\\Common Files"
ComSpec = "C:\\WINDOWS\\system32\\cmd.exe"
DriverData = "C:\\Windows\\System32\\Drivers\\DriverData"
HOMEDRIVE = "C:"
NUMBER_OF_PROCESSORS = "16"
NVIDIAWHITELISTED = "0x01"
OS = "Windows_NT"
PATHEXT = ".COM;.EXE;.BAT;.CMD;.VBS;.VBE;.JS;.JSE;.WSF;.WSH;.MSC"
POWERSHELL_DISTRIBUTION_CHANNEL = "MSI:Windows 10 Pro"
PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE = "AMD64"
PROCESSOR_IDENTIFIER = "Intel64 Family 6 Model 158 Stepping 13, GenuineIntel"
PROCESSOR_LEVEL = "6"
PROCESSOR_REVISION = "9e0d"
ProgramData = "C:\\ProgramData"
ProgramFiles = "C:\\Program Files"
"ProgramFiles(x86)" = "C:\\Program Files (x86)"
ProgramW6432 = "C:\\Program Files"
PSModulePath = "C:\\Program Files\\WindowsPowerShell\\Modules;C:\\WINDOWS\\system32\\WindowsPowerShell\\v1.0\\Modules"
PUBLIC = "C:\\Users\\Public"
SHIM_MCCOMPAT = "0x810000001"
SystemDrive = "C:"
SystemRoot = "C:\\WINDOWS"
windir = "C:\\WINDOWS"
WSLENV = "WT_SESSION::WT_PROFILE_ID"

# Startup commands

To run commands at start, Nushell offers a special part of the configuration that contains a list of strings which will be treated as commands you haved typed in as Nushell starts up.

Let's add a single line to print "hello" as Nushell starts up:

config set startup ["echo 'hello'"]

The startup section lets you do the configuration steps that should happen before your Nushell session begins, including adding aliases or custom commands.

# Using the config command

# Setting variables

To set one of these variables, you can use config set. For example:

> config set edit_mode "vi"

# Setting a variable from the pipeline

There's an additional way to set a variable, and that is to use the contents of the pipeline as the value you want to use for the variable. For this, use the set_into flag:

> echo "bar" | config set_into foo

This is helpful when working with the env and path variables.

# Listing all variables

Running the config command without any arguments will show a table of the current configuration settings:

> config
─────────────────┬──────────────────
 completion_mode │ circular
 env             │ [row 51 columns]
 path            │ [table 9 rows]
 startup         │ [table 1 rows]
─────────────────┴──────────────────

Note: if you haven't set any configuration variables, yet, this may be empty.

# Getting a variable

Using the get flag, you can retrieve the value for a given variable:

> config get edit_mode

# Removing a variable

To remove a variable from the configuration, use the remove flag:

> config remove edit_mode

# Clearing the whole configuration

If you want to clear the whole configuration and start fresh, you can use the clear flag. Of course, be careful with this as once you run it, the configuration file is also cleared.

> config clear

# Finding where the configuration is stored

The configuration file is loaded from a default location. To find what this location is on your system, you can ask for it using the path flag:

> config path
/home/jonathant/.config/nu/config.toml

# Configuring Nu as a login shell

To use Nu as a login shell, you'll need to configure the path and env configuration variables. With these, you'll have enough support to run external commands as a login shell.

Before switching, run Nu inside of another shell, like Bash. Then, take the environment and PATH from that shell with the following commands:

> config set path $nu.path
> config set env  $nu.env

The $nu.path and $nu.env values are set to the current PATH and environment variables, respectively. More information about these two config sections is available in the config.toml description. Once you set these into the configuration, they'll be available later when using Nu as a login shell.

Next, on some distros you'll also need to ensure Nu is in the /etc/shells list:

> cat /etc/shells
# /etc/shells: valid login shells
/bin/sh
/bin/dash
/bin/bash
/bin/rbash
/usr/bin/screen
/usr/bin/fish
/home/jonathan/.cargo/bin/nu

With this, you should be able to chsh and set Nu to be your login shell. After a logout, on your next login you should be greeted with a shiny Nu prompt.

# Prompt configuration

Prompt configuration is handled by setting the value of prompt.

For example, to use Starship (opens new window), download it and enter the following command (0.18.2 and later):

config set prompt "starship prompt"

Now restart Nu.

nushell on 📙 master [$] is 📦 v0.18.2 via 🦀 v1.48.0-nightly
❯

If your prompt looks a bit garbled like this:

%{%}~%{%}
%{%}❯%{%}

you may want to unset the STARSHIP_SHELL environment variable when setting the prompt.

config set prompt "STARSHIP_SHELL= starship prompt"